High Cholesterol complications can cause a big problem. Nowadays it’s going very common. High cholesterol can be inherited, but it’s often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, and thus preventable and treatable. A healthy diet, regular exercise and sometimes medication can go a long way toward reducing high cholesterol.
To understand high blood cholesterol, it helps to learn about cholesterol. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance and it’s found in cells of your body. When you have high blood cholesterol, Fatty deposits may develop in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits make it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries. Your heart may not get as much oxygen-rich blood as it needs, which increases the risk of a heart attack. Decreased blood flow to your brain can cause a stroke.
Our body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and some other substances that help to digest food. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs. However, cholesterol also is found in some of the foods you eat.
Left untreated, high cholesterol can contribute to plaque formation in your arteries and lead to atherosclerosis. Over time, deposits of cholesterol (plaque) can narrow your arteries and let less blood to pass through.
Atherosclerosis is a serious condition that can result in many life-threatening complications. These high cholesterol complications include:
- heart attack
- angina (chest pain)
- peripheral vascular disease
- high blood pressure
- chronic kidney disease if plaque builds up in the renal arteries, which supply blood to your kidneys
Treatments for the high cholesterol and heart diseases have improved over the years. Medicine and education have greatly reduced the number of deaths that are caused by heart disease and other complications.
However, high cholesterol is still a major concern in the United States due to sedentary lifestyles and poor food choices. Making positive changes to your lifestyle, including eating a healthier diet and getting more exercise, can help you live a long and healthy life.